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Who's Who Information

Carter, Jimmy (James Earl, Jr.), thirty-ninth president of the United States of America.

Born: Plains, Georgia, October 1, 1924, the son of James Earl and Lillian (Gordy) Carter. Married: Rosalynn Smith, July 7, 1946. Children: John William, James Earl III, Donnel Jeffrey, Amy Lynn.

Student, Georgia Southwestern College, 1941-42, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1942-43; B.S., US Naval Academy, 1946 (class of 1947); postgraduate, Union College, 1952-53; LL.D. (hon.), Morehouse College, 1972, Morris Brown College, 1972, University of Notre Dame, 1977, Emory University, 1979, Kwansei Gakuin University, 1981, Georgia Southwestern College, 1981, New York Law School, 1985, Bates College, 1985, Centre College, 1987, Creighton University, 1987, University of Pennsylvania, 1998; D.E. (hon.), Georgia Institute of Technology, 1979; Ph.D. (hon.) Weizmann Institute of Science, 1980, Tel Aviv University, 1983, Haifa University, 1987; D.H.L. (hon.) Central Connecticut State University, 1985, Baylor University, 1993; Trinity College, 1998; Hoseo University, 2001; Doctor (hon.) G.O.C. Universite, 1995, University of Juba, 2002; D.C.L. (hon.) Oxford University, 2007.

Served in US Navy to rank of lieutenant, 1946-53; farmer, warehouseman, Plains, Georgia, 1953-1977; member, Georgia Senate, 1963-67; Governor of Georgia, 1971-75; President of the United States, 1977-81; University Distinguished Professor, Emory University, 1982-.

Author: Why Not the Best? 1975; A Government as Good as Its People, 1977; Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President, 1982; Negotiation: The Alternative to Hostility, 1984; The Blood of Abraham, 1985; (with Rosalynn Carter) Everything to Gain: Making the Most of the Rest of Your Life, 1987; An Outdoor Journal, 1988; Turning Point: A Candidate, a State, and a Nation Come of Age, 1992; Talking Peace: A Vision for the Next Generation, 1993; Always a Reckoning, 1994; The Little Baby Snoogle-Fleejer, 1995, Living Faith, 1996; Sources of Strength: Meditations on Scripture for a Living Faith, 1997; The Virtues of Aging, 1998; An Hour before Daylight: Memories of a Rural Boyhood, 2001; Christmas in Plains: Memories, 2001; The Nobel Peace Prize Lecture, 2002; The Hornet’s Nest: A Novel of the Revolutionary War, 2003; Sharing Good Times, 2004; Our Endangered Values: America’s Moral Crisis, 2005; Palestine Peace Not Apartheid, 2006; Beyond the White House: Waging Peace, Fighting Disease, Building Hope, 2007; A Remarkable Mother, 2008.

Member, Sumter County (Ga.) School Board, 1955-62, chair, 1960-62; member, Americus and Sumter County Hospital Authority, 1956-70; member, Sumter County Library Board, 1961; president, Georgia Planning Association, 1968; district governor, Lions Clubs International, 1968-69; chair, congressional and gubernatorial campaign committee, Democratic National Committee, 1973-74; founder, The Carter Center, 1982; board of directors, Habitat for Humanity, 1984-87; chair, board of trustees, The Carter Center, Inc., 1986-2005, member, 2005-; chair, Council of Presidents and Prime Ministers of the Americas, 1986-; chair, International Council for Conflict Resolution, 2001-; member, The Elders, 2007-.

Recipient, Conservationist of the Year Award for 1978, National Wildlife Foundation, 1979; Gold medal, International Institute for Human Rights, 1979; International Mediation medal, American Arbitration Association, 1979; Martin Luther King, Jr. Nonviolent Peace Prize, 1979; International Human Rights Award, Synagogue Council of America, 1979; Harry S Truman Public Service Award, 1981; Ansel Adams Conservation Award, Wilderness Society, 1982; Distinguished Service Award, Southern Baptist Convention, 1982; Human Rights Award, International League for Human Rights, 1983; World Methodist Peace Award, 1985; Albert Schweitzer Prize for Humanitarianism, 1987; Edwin C. Whitehead Award, National Center for Health Education, 1989; Jefferson Award, American Institute of Public Service, 1990; Philadelphia Liberty Medal, 1990; Spirit of America Award, National Council for the Social Studies, 1990; Physicians for Social Responsibility Award, 1991; Aristotle Prize, Alexander S. Onassis Foundation, 1991; W. Averell Harriman Democracy Award, National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, 1992; Spark M. Matsunaga Medal of Peace, US Institute of Peace, 1993; Humanitarian Award, CARE International, 1993; Conservationist of the Year Medal, National Wildlife Federation, 1993; Audubon Medal, 1994; Rotary Award for World Understanding, 1994; J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, 1994; National Civil Rights Museum Freedom Award, 1994; UNESCO Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize, 1994; Great Cross of the Order of Vasco Nunéz de Balboa, 1995; Bishop John T. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Award, Africare, 1996; Humanitarian of the Year, GQ Awards, 1996; Kiwanis International Humanitarian Award, 1996; Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development, 1997; Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter Award for Humanitarian Contributions to the Health of Humankind, National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, 1997; United Nations Human Rights Award, 1998; The Hoover Medal, 1998; International Child Survival Award, UNICEF Atlanta, 1999; Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1999; William Penn Mott, Jr., Park Leadership Award, National Parks Conservation Association, 2000; Zayed International Prize for the Environment, 2001; Jonathan M. Daniels Humanitarian Award, VMI, 2001; Herbert Hoover Humanitarian Award, Boys & Girls Clubs of America, 2001; Christopher Award, 2002; Nobel Peace Prize, 2002; Georgia Writers Hall of Fame, 2006; Grammy Award, 2007.

Democrat. Baptist. Home: Plains, Georgia. Office: The Carter Center, One Copenhill, Atlanta, Georgia 30307.

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